Hair Loss Causes – Diseases and Conditions [Male & Female]

Hair Loss Causes – Diseases and Conditions [Male & Female]

Shedding a few strands of hair is regarded as a normal phenomenon. But when falling of hair becomes excessive, it becomes a matter of concern and needs treatment. Today, millions of people suffer from hair loss. Some people are fortunate to see their hair re-grow without having to do much about it. While there are others who need treatment for their hair to re-grow healthy. To know the possible ways to stop hair fall, you should consult a dermatologist. They specialize in treating problems with hair, skin, and nails.

What Causes Hair Loss? Here, I have put together some of the many things that Cause Hair Loss:

There are several causes that result in hair loss. When you start losing excessive hair suddenly, it may be due to illness, diet, medicine, or childbirth. If you experience a slow hair loss that becomes more visible with each passing year, then it may be hereditary. A few hair care practices, styling tools, and hairstyles also can cause obvious hair loss.

Hair Disorders

Genetic Thinning or Baldness (androgenetic alopecia)

Genes the most common factor causing hair loss. It affects both men and women. Most of the people around the globe have hereditary thinning or baldness. When in men hair loss is hereditary, they often get a thinning hairline. In most men, bald patches are especially seen on the top of the head. On the other hand, women are more likely to keep their hairline. They see evidently thinning hair. The primary sign of hair loss in many women is a broadening part. Noticeable thinning hair is very rare in men. Alternatively, it is rare to see women with a receding hairline or bald patches. The reasons for this are yet unidentified.

Alopecia Areata

According to researchers, it is an autoimmune disease. Autoimmune means the state in which the body attacks itself. In this case, hair is attacked by the body. This further leads to lose of smooth, round patches of hair on the scalp and also from other areas of the body. People suffering from alopecia areata usually remain in excellent health and most people re-grow their hair. Consulting a dermatologist will help you to treat this disorder and help the hair re-grow more speedily.

Cicatricial (scarring) Alopecia

It is a rare disease suffered by otherwise healthy people. It destroys the hair follicles in a person. Scar tissue develops in the place where the follicles once were, thus hampering the hair to re-grow. Proper treatment will aid in stopping the inflammation, which damages the hair follicles.

Central Centrifugal Cicatricial (scarring) Alopecia

Women of African descent typically experience this type of hair loss. In this case, hair loss starts in the middle of the scalp. As it progresses, the hair loss radiates out from the center of the scalp. It is also characterized with either very slow or rapid hair fall. This disease may also cause tingling, burning, pain, or itching on the scalp. Treatment before the development of scars may help the hair re-grow.


Underlying medical condition excessive hair loss can be the earliest sign of an underlying disease. Many diseases like thyroid and anemia, cause hair loss. By treating these diseases, you can avoid or even reverse hair loss.


You can lose hair significantly after an illness. Hair fall may also occur after a major surgery, high fever, severe infection, or even flu. This type of hair loss is termed as telogen effluvium.

Some Cancer Treatments

Treatments like radiation therapy and chemotherapy can result in hair loss. Though it is temporary hair loss, yet it can cause immense pain.

Ringworm of the scalp

This disease is infectious and is very common in children. If not treated effectively, ringworm can cause balding.


It is a medical disorder that makes people pull out their own hair repeatedly. People with this disease often feel a strong urge to pull out the hair on the scalp. Some sufferers even pull out their eyelashes, nose hairs, eyebrows, and hairs on the other parts of the bodies.

Hormones and Stress


Some women experience hair fall after giving birth. It is caused due to the reduced level of estrogen. This hair loss is momentary. The hair re-grow within a few months.


Hair loss is a common occurrence during menopause. It is a temporary loss and hair re-grows over time.


A sudden a disturbing event like the death of a loved one or divorce can lead to hair loss.

Dieting and Poor Nutrition

Weight Loss – If you lose more than 15 pounds, then you may experience hair loss. This shedding of hair appears after three to six months of losing the weight. It is common and you can re-grow your hair without help.

Vitamin A

Excessive vitamin A can result in hair loss. Vitamin supplements and medicines are a great source of vitamin A. Once you check excessive intake of vitamin A, you can resume normal hair growth.


When you don’t get enough protein, your body feeds on the little protein it gets and this further stops healthy hair growth. If a person doesn’t eat enough protein for two to three months, he experiences hair loss. The only cure is to eat enough protein and for this include your daily diet with protein rich foods like meats, eggs, fish nuts, seeds, and beans.

How to take Benefits of Protein Diet


Deficiency of iron can also lead to hair loss. Hence you should incorporate your daily diet with iron-fortified cereals, soybeans, pumpkin seeds, white beans, lentils, and spinach, clams, oysters, and organ meats. These are some of the foods that top the list of good sources of iron.

Eating Disorder

Hair loss is common in people who have an eating disorder. Anorexia (not eating enough) and bulimia (vomiting after eating) are some of the common causes of hair loss in people. Apart from the above-mentioned causes, hair loss can also be caused due to certain medicines including.

Blood Thinners

Medicines for arthritis, depression, gout, heart problems, high blood pressure, birth control, and anabolic steroids.

Hair Care